Periodontics, or periodontology, refers to the sub-category of dentistry that deals with the structures that support the teeth, most notably a person’s gums and mouth bones. Millions of people are affected by the serious oral health issue of periodontitis, also known as gum disease. This dangerous condition is marked by infection and inflammation of the gums, making them appear swollen and possibly darkened. If gum disease is left untreated, it can eventually cause more serious issues, including tooth loss and jawbone deterioration.
At 32nd Street Dental, we understand the dangers associated with gum disease, and we encourage patients to seek help for the condition as quickly as possible so that we are able to provide them with the most effective treatment.
Periodontal laser treatments make use of a special dental laser that can access and remove any swollen gum tissue that is found around the root of a tooth. After the swollen tissue has been removed, excess plaque is scraped away, and rough spots are smoothed out to prevent future infections. Once the healing process has been initiated, the gum line will start to regenerate, and it will eventually reattach itself to the teeth. Many patients prefer laser treatment because it typically features less pain and shorter recovery times than other forms of treatment.
If gum disease is allowed to spread, it will eventually reach a person’s jawbone and cause it to deteriorate. When this happens, bone grafting procedures can be used to reverse the damage and restore the jawbone. These procedures work by using artificial bone material and special proteins to regenerate the bone. Many patients receive bone grafting treatment before they have dental implants installed so that their jawbone can properly support their new implants.
Dental Crown Lengthening
When gum disease occurs, patients often develop an unattractive, “gummy” smile caused by inflamed and swollen gum tissue. To fix this problem, a cosmetic procedure known as dental crown lengthening is used to remove and reshape excess gum tissue. This process exposes more of the patient’s natural teeth, which helps to restore the look of their smile. Dental crown lengthening can also be used to access teeth that have experienced damage below the gum line so that they can be restored.
Scaling and Root Planing
One of the best non-surgical treatment methods for gum disease, scaling and root planing, is conducted to remove excessive buildups of plaque, tartar, and toxins that have accumulated above and below an individual’s gum line. The scaling process uses specially designed tools to access and remove plaque from the deep spaces within the mouth that cannot be reached with brushing and flossing. Then, root planing is conducted to smooth out any rough spots present on the root surfaces, thereby preventing future buildups from occurring. Overall, this treatment is highly effective in putting a stop to gum disease and helping the gums heal.
If you are suffering from gum disease and you would like to learn more about the treatment options that are available to you, please call us at (417) 221-9181 to schedule an appointment.